In Nepal ,Wildlife diversity is a unique feature. Varrious types of wildlife found from lowland Terai to up 6000 Meter elevation. Wildlife tourism is also a major source of tourism in Nepal. There are some animals and birds that are found only in Nepal such as the Spinny Babbler. Nepal is also host to a large number of Rhododendron species. The wildlife of Nepal includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats in different climate & altitude. Elephant,Rhinocers,bengal tiger,snow leopard,Arna,black buck,Nilgai,Gauri Gai,Spotted deer,Axis deer,leopard,barasinghe,wildcat,bear,musk deer,Tahr,ghoral & much more wildlide found in Nepal. These Animal has attract the many thousand of tourist every year who like to hunt taking licece and observe.www.nepalwildlifesafari.com who organize trophy hunting & various types of wildlife study and observation tour.
Conservation Trophy Hunting: Trophy hunting is the selective hunting of wild game animals. Although parts of the slain animal may be kept as a hunting trophy or memorial (usually the skin, antlers and/or head), the carcass itself is sometimes used as food.Trophy hunting has firm supporters and opponents. Public debate about trophy hunting often centres on the question of the morality of sport hunting and the question of the extent to which the money paid by trophy hunters benefits the population of game animals and the local economy. Trophy hunting should not be confused with poaching, the practice of taking game illegally.
Wildlife Management:-Wildlife management by definition attempts to balance the needs of wildlife with the needs of people using the best available science. Wildlife management can include game keeping, wildlife conservation and pest control. Wildlife management has become an integrated science using disciplines such as mathematics, chemistry, biology, ecology, climatology and geography to gain the best results.Wildlife conservation aims to halt the loss in the earths biodiversityby taking into consideration ecological principles such as carrying capacity, disturbance and succession and environmental conditions such as physical geography, pedology and hydrology with the aim of balancing the needs of wildlife with the needs of people. Most wildlife biologists are concerned with the preservation and improvement of habitats although reinstatement is increasingly being used. Techniques can include reforestation, pest control, nitrification and denitrification, irrigation, coppicing and hedge laying.
Game Keeping: Game keeping is the management or control of wildlife for the wellbeing of game birds may include killing other animals which share the same niche or predators to maintain a high population of the more profitable species, such as pheasants introduced into woodland. In his 1933 book Game Management, Aldo Leopold, one of the pioneers of wildlife management as a science, defined it as "the art of making land produce sustained annual crops of wild game for recreational use".
Pest Control:- Pest control is the control of real or perceived pests and can be for the benefit of wildlife, farmers, game keepers or safety reasons. In Nepal, wildlife management practices are often implemented by a governmental agency to uphold a law, such as the Endangered Species Act of BS 2030.
Types of wildlife management
There are two general types of wildlife management:
- Manipulative management acts on a population, either changing its numbers by direct means or influencing numbers by the indirect means of altering food supply, habitat, density of predators, or prevalence of disease. This is appropriate when a population is to be harvested, or when it slides to an unacceptably low density or increases to an unacceptably high level. Such densities are inevitably the subjective view of the land owner, and may be disputed by animal welfare interests.
- Custodial management is preventive or protective. The aim is to minimize external influences on the population and its habitat. It is appropriate in a national park where one of the stated goals is to protect ecological processes. It is also appropriate for conservation of a threatened species where the threat is of external origin rather than being intrinsic to the system.
Management of hunting seasons
Wildlife management studies, research and lobbying by interest groups help designate times of the year when certain wildlife species can be legally hunted, allowing for surplus animals to be removed. In Nepal hunting season and bag limits are determined by guidelines set by the department of
National Park & Wildlife Conservation.
Autumn: October to november (Best Season)
Winter: December to February (optional Season)
Spring: March to mid April. (best Season )
May to September: Closing Period
Open season is when wildlife is allowed to be hunted by law and is usually during the breeding season. Hunters may be restricted by sex, age or class of animal, for instance there may be an open season for any male deer with 4 points or better on at least one side.
Where the number of animals taken is to be tightly controlled, managers may have a type of lottery system called limited. Many apply, few are chosen. These hunts may still have age, sex or class restrictions as well as bidding.
Closed season is when wildlife is protected from hunting and is usually during its breeding season. Closed season is enforced by law, any hunting during closed season is punishable by law and termed as illegal hunting.
Type of weapon used
In the wildlife management one of the conservation strategy is that the weapon used for hunting should be the one that cause the least damage to the individual and that it should be an advanced weapon so that it may not miss the target and may not hit another individual. This is very important if the trophy hunting is the case.